Dying RugsColor is part of the essence of an oriental rug. It is as important in a rug as it is in a painting; the beauty of the rug depends on it. Imaginative, artistic coloring can mean that a poorly woven rug is nevertheless delightful. If the colors are “wrong,” even the most technically perfect piece “misses.” The colors may shine as they do in a stained-glass window; they may be rich and dark or clear pastels or even, as in the case of the Fars rugs (made near the Persian town if Shiraz), contrasting tones of undyed wools. What matters is that the color statement should add a dimension of beauty and be so subtle that you will never tire of looking at it. The glowing wine reds of Afghanistan, the pure blues of the antique Chinese rugs, the soft brick reds of Asia Minor all have this quality. Each region, town and tribe tends to remain true to its own particular color theme, even in these mobile days. The designs of the rugs change far more easily than their basic colors.

In the cool climates of the north we enjoy the sunshine – we even bathe in it. The harsh sun of the tropical plains and in particular of the deserts is another matter. For the people who live in the hot arid regions, the constant glare of the sun is exhausting. This is one of the reasons why many oriental rugs are made in strong dark colors. Strong, because all color appears weak n very bright light; and dark to give relief to sun-dazzled eyes. Pale, softly colored rugs are woven but only in the cooler parts of the rug-producing countries. So that any rug you select will last, it is important (if you want a rug with gentle colors) that you choose one that is woven that way, not bleached afterwards.

Types of Rug Dyes:

  • Vegetable Dyes
  • Aniline Dyes
  • Chromatic Dyes
  • Chemical Bleaching
  • Airbrushes
  • Overdye
  • Antique Wash
  • White Wash
  • Gold Wash
  • Silver Wash

Check back for more information on each of these rug dyes.